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  • The Australian Tamil Congress (ATC) expresses its disappointment on the shortcomings of resolution 40/1 ‘Promoting reconciliation, accountability and human rights in Sri Lanka’ adopted at the UN Human Rights Council (HRC), as it fails to set a clear pathway for accelerated progress on achieving transitional justice and accountability for mass atrocity crimes committed in Sri Lanka. There have been seven such resolutions with Sri Lanka itself co-sponsoring the last three. However, ten years since the war which saw the peak of mass atrocity crimes committed against the Tamil population,...
  • As we approach the tenth year since the war in the island of Sri Lanka came to a bloody end, there still exist discrepancies as to number of dead. The Australian Tamil Congress (ATC) will be assisting in a project launched by two international NGO’s, the International Truth and Justice Project (ITJP) and the Human Rights Data Analysis Group (HRDAG), which aims to estimate the number of dead and disappeared.  Volunteers from ATC will assist those wishing to provide the relevant information required to record the deceased or disappeared due to war, and coordinate the project in Australia....

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  • 11-01-2019
    Yet another New Year dawns almost 10 years since the worst of the genocidal onslaught against the Tamil people by the Sri Lankan state with no sign of the victims receiving justice in the near future. More than three years after UN Human Rights Council (HRC) Resolution 30/1 on Sri Lanka, to-date Sri Lanka has taken very few steps to fulfil its obligations and none of those implemented have produced any substantive outcomes for those most affected by the war. The current President and the Prime Minister of Sri Lanka have made repeated statements rejecting some of the most important...
  • 05-06-2017
    The Australian Tamil Congress (ATC) expresses deep concern over the lack of concerted actions by the Government of Sri Lanka on addressing the issue of the missing persons, as the continuous protest by their relatives has gone past one hundred days. The reports of intimidation and disruption of the peaceful protests by the Sri Lankan armed forces is deeply troubling. Despite its commitments made to the member states of the UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC) and the High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein at this year’s session in March, the Government of Sri Lanka has...

Sri Lankan State and Communities

Sri Lanka covers an area of around 25,000 square miles, almost the size of Ireland or Tasmania, and has a population of around 20 million. Sri Lanka’s population consists of two main ethnic groups, the Sinhalese majority who make up 74% of the population, and the Tamils. Both Sinhalese and Tamils trace their origins to India, although there is no consensus regarding the differences that may exist between these two communities on their ethnic origins. The Tamil people represent both the Sri Lankan Tamils, whose ancestors have lived on the island for more than 2,500 years, and the Indian Tamils, who the British colonialists introduced to the ‘tea country’ of south-central Sri Lanka in the 19th century as tea and rubber plantation workers. The Sri Lankan Tamils account for around 12% of the population and the Indian Tamils around 5%. The rest of the population consists predominantly of Muslims (around 8%, who also mainly speak Tamil, resulting in a total Tamil-speaking population of around 25%) and supplemented by others such as Malays, Burghers and various minor groups. Traditionally Sinhalese embrace Buddhism as their religion whilst Tamils are mostly Hindus, though both groups also have a significant number of Christians amongst them.

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